Fort Molyneux (also known as Fig Tree Fort) was one of the forts constructed in Matabeleland during the war of 1896. The fort was named after Captain George Molyneux who was in charge of the construction of this fort on a small isolated kopje about 200 yards from the hotel and telegraph office at Fig Tree.
Fort Molyneux, at Figtree, was particularly plagued with disaster; 90 sick horses, left there by Plumer in May, were driven off" by the Matabele half an hour after he left and could not be recovered as the garrison had no saddles. In June orders were sent to the Sergt.-Major commanding to "Please report as soon as you have put your fort in such condition as to render it safe from catching fire". This was apparently not done for by the end of the month he and the entire garrison were replaced. Two weeks later Figtree reported a rebel force at the fort.
On 30 May 1896 the cover of The Illustrated London News featured a sketch with the caption The Matabili Insurrection – Interior of Fort Molyneux at Fig-Tree, twenty-eight miles from Buluwayo “Stand to Arms”
British military officer and civil servant. George Molyneux (1873-1959) was born in Tramore, County Waterford, Ireland, the son of Henry Hearn Molyneux, a merchant. He was educated at Stonyhurst College in Lancashire. He joined the Natal Royal Rifles (later Durban Light Infantry) in 1893 and remained with the regiment for his entire career. He fought in the Second Matabele War, the Second Boer War, and the Bambatha Rebellion, received the DSO, the Croix de Guerre, and the Russian Order of Stanislaus for his service in the First World War, and commanded the regiment as Lieut.-Colonel during the Rand Rebellion of 1922.