The Château de Moulineaux is a French feudal castle from the time of the Dukes of Normandy. It is also known as the Château de Robert le Diable. It is situated at Moulineaux, near Rouen, in the département of Seine-Maritime at the side of the A13 autoroute.
It takes its name from Robert the Devil who, according to some, was Robert de Montgommery, also known as Robert le Magnifique ('the magnificent'), Duke of Normandy and father of William the Conqueror. However, there is no evidence that this person was involved in the construction .
"There is a village of Moulineaux situted at the foot of a hill about ten miles from Rouen ... Froissar mentions the capture of a Castle of Molineux "The lord courcy and the lorde de Ryer", so runs the chronicle, "besieged Caretyne with great puissance, and at last they dyde so moche, that they had it by treatie, and so it was gyven up to the obeysance of the Frenche Kyng. Thus they had Caretyne, and put therein newe men of warre, and they departed and went to the Castell of Molineaux, and within three dayes they had it by treatie." Caretyne, or Carenton, is a town in Lower Normandy, situated upon the river Douve." Wesley L. Mullenneix, MxWorld Vol 1 No 1.
An alternative view states that the castle was owned and guarded by the de Moulins, later the Molyneux family who were loyalists of William the Conqueror, and it was rebuilt in 1378 by a descendant from William de Molineux, the Lord of Sefton, in Lancashire, one of the followers of William the Conqueror.
The castle was built during the 11th and 12th centuries. It stands on a hill which dominates the River Seine, the view extending over the whole Rouen region, making it a particularly strategic location.
It is known that the English King Richard I ('Lionheart') stayed here. His brother, King John ('Lackland') destroyed the castle during his struggle with the King of France Philip II Augustus. The latter rebuilt it. During the Hundred Years War, the people of Rouen destroyed the towers to prevent the castle being used by the English.
Half ruined, it is today furnished with various artefacts as well as reconstructed scenes of local history and life in the Middle Ages.