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Mx Genealogical Lines
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  • Antrim Mxes
    Northern Irish (Rating 3)

    H. Antrim Mxes: Obviously Northern Irish, we have no real ancestral take on this Line. All of its known members are current (2 of them close kin to each other). One of the 4 (UK150) is an Mx male & an honorary member. We have no test results for this Line & may want to consider asking UK150 to test. Rating: 3

  • Branford Mxes
    Large U.S. family, originally from Suffolk & possibly descended from the Cambridge Mxes (Rating 1)

    UU. Branford Mxes: This is another large U.S. family, originally from Suffolk & possibly descended from the Cambridge Mxes. It boasts 40 or more members, 24 are current, & 2, US294 & US374, are Mx males—both have been tested. We have a total of 6 Y-DNA test results to date, split evenly between two different Hgs, R1b1a2 & E1b1b1. To date the first group doesn't relate to any other known Line while the second is the result of an adoption in the 20th Century, & thus not relevant to our study at this point in time. The number of test results would suggest that we don’t need any more, but in reality, the results for US374 were derived from a provider other than FamilyTreeDNA rendering allele comparison impossible. (However; US374’s test results did extend the Haplotype to R1b1a2a1a1a.) We could really use another test subject. Furthermore, several of our members (US375 & US393) derive from individuals who share locations & given names w/ the Branford Mxes but may actually be descended from an earlier branching of this family or may even be from another Line altogether. Fortunately, US375 has a brother who could & should be tested ASAP. Rating: 1

  • Browsholme Mxes
    An old Lancs family reputedly descended from the Sefton Mxes. This Line’s documented history dates back to the late 17th century (Rating 1)

    P. Browsholme Mxes: An old Lancs family reputedly descended from the Sefton Mxes. This Line’s documented history dates back to the late 17th century. It boasts 10, possibly 11, IMFA members, 5 are current & 1 (SA002) is an Mx male who has not been tested. Given this Line’s Lancs history (& thus possibly a link to the Sefton Mxes), it might prove useful to test SA002. Rating: 1

  • Caldwell Mxes
    One of the many known Kirkby area Lines (Rating 1)

    N. Caldwell Mxes: This is one of the many known Kirkby area Lines. Our knowledge of this Line’s progeniture goes back only to the mid 18th century. Of 16 known members, 7 are current, 1 (UK186) being an Mx male who has not been tested. Because the relationship among the many Lancs Lines is poorly understood, if at all, & because of possible relationship to the Sefton Line, we should give precedence to testing UK186. Rating: 1

  • Cambridge Mxes
    This Line may be descended from the Haughton/Teversal Lines (Rating 5)

    MM. Cambridge Mxes: This Line may be descended from the Haughton/Teversal Lines. In addition, Bernard Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk said that this line was the progenitor of the Suffolk Mxes (and thus of the Branford Mxes). Unfortunately, our knowledge of this Line goes back only to the early 19th century. Of 3 known members, only 1 (AU045) is current but he is not an Mx male. Rating: 5

  • Castle Dillon Mxes
    Ancestral line (Rating 1)

    G. Castle Dillon Mxes: Mxes: Related by DNA & probably ancestral to the PEI-R, Elkridge, St. Aldates, Llewellyn Castle, Dorking & possibly Hawkley & Sullivan Co. Lines, aka the R1 alliance; this Line has a GD of 2 (“Related”) w/ the modal (base line) type. Additionally, it has a GD of 2 (“Related”) w/ the Elkridge, St. Aldates & Llewellyn Castle Mxes; a GD of 3 (“Related”) w/ the Dorking & PEI-R Mxes; & a GD of 5 (“Possibly Related”) w/ the Hawkley & Sullivan Co. Mxes. This Line is also purported to be an offshoot of the Sefton Line starting w/ Thomas Mx (b. est 1510) who moved to Calais, France when it was an English possession. We have over 30 members in this Line, 10 of them current. Of the current members 3 are Mx males, 1 of those (IR130) has been tested as Hg R1b1a2 (Kit #181895), his son (CA394) is yet another. That leaves one male member (AU064) who should be tested ASAP. This is, of course, a pivotal ancestral Line relating to at least 6 other known Lines. We should work hard to identify yet a third Castle Dillon candidate for testing. Rating: 1

  • Cheshire Mxes
    Dating back to the early 18th century (Rating 5)

    LL. Cheshire Mxes: Dating back to the early 18th century, Y-DNA test results show a GD of 2 (“Related”) w/ the Founder Line, a GD of 3 (“Related”) w/ the Spartanburg, Pendleton, Donnally, & Delaware Lines, & a GD of 4 (“Probably Related”) w/ the Wolverhampton Line, thus making it a member of the I2 alliance. It may also be related to the Kent, Prescot & Pilkington Mxes. Of 5 known members, 1 is current (UK188) & an Mx male who has tested out to Hg I2b1 (Kit # 171611). Rating: 5

  • Collister Mxes
    This Line dates back to late 18th century Liverpool (Rating 1)

    FF. Collister Mxes: This Line dates back to late 18th century Liverpool. Of 3 known members, 1 (UK029) is current & an Mx Male. It may well be worth testing UK029. Rating: 2 (Rating 1)

  • Delaware Mxes
    May be the precursor to many of the US Lines in the I2 alliance—this alliance includes the Cheshire, Founder, Donnally, Pendleton & Spartanburg Lines, & may include the Thornton & Wolverhampton Lines as well (Rating 5)

    VV. Delaware Mxes: Thanks to US033, this Line is probably the best documented of all U.S. Mx families & may be the precursor to many of the US Lines in the I2 alliance—this alliance includes the Cheshire, Founder, Donnally, Pendleton & Spartanburg Lines, & may include the Thornton & Wolverhampton Lines as well. The Delaware Line boasts at least 38 known members, 29 are current & 9 are Mx males. Its 6 Y-DNA test results all fall into Hg I2b1, & have a tremendous number of matches w/ other members of rhe I21b alliance, w/ GD results as follows: Spartanburg 0 (“Very Tightly Related”), Donnally, Founder & Pendleton, 1 (“Tightly Related”); Founder, 2 (“Related”); & Cheshire, 3 (“Related”). Further testing is not necessary for our purposes. Rating: 5

  • Dorking Mxes
    (Rating 5)

    M. Dorking Mxes: Another member of the R1 alliance, this Line has a GD of 3 (“Related”) w/ the St. Aldates, Elkridge, Castle Dillon & Llewellyn Castle Lines; a GD of 4 (“Probably Related”) w/ the PEI-R & Hawkley Lines, & a GD of 5 (“Possibly Related”) w/ the Sullivan County Line. Of 13 known members, 3 are current (UK015, UK026, & UK161). All three are Mx males, 2 have been tested as Hg R1b1a2 (Kits # 48086 & 107925), the other is a close kinsman for whom testing would provide no additional insight. However, a Canadian non-IMFA member from this Line has also been tested (Kit # 122713) giving us the requisite minimum of 3 test results. Though this Line has been important to our study, no further testing is necessary at this time. Rating: 5

  • Donnally Mxes
    part of the I2 alliance (Rating 1)

    ZZ. Donnally Mxes: As part of the I2 alliance, this Line has many DNA matches w/ the usual suspects. Of 15 known members, 7 are current & 3 are Mx males (US039a, US340 & US354), 2 other possible Donnally Mxes & Mx males are US291 & US303. Furthermore, US039a is one of 3 who have tested, in his case to Hg I (Kit #182940), & 2 others to Hg I2b1 (Kit #s 74452 & 124517—unfortunately, only a 12 marker test). The closest matches we've found are: a GD of 0 (“Very Tightly Related”) w/ the modal type and w/ both Pendleton & Spartanburg, a GD of 1 (“Tightly Related”) w/ Delaware & Founder, , a GD of 3 (“Related”) w/ Cheshire, a GD of 4 (“Probably Related”) w/ Thornton, & a GD of 5 (“Possibly Related”) w/ Wolverhampton. Given the split results, I recommend that all 4 remaining Mx males be tested. Rating: 1

  • Elkridge Mxes
    Part of the R1 alliance, this is a huge U.S. family descended from one English immigrant who landed in Elkridge Landing, Maryland in 1726 (Rating 5)

    TT. Elkridge Mxes: Part of the R1 alliance, this is a huge U.S. family descended from one English immigrant who landed in Elkridge Landing, Maryland in 1726. We currently have 12 active members in this Line. Of the 5 Y-DNA test results (Hg R1b1a2) for this Line, all but 1 relate to each other at various GDs as well as to the St. Aldates, Castle Dillon, Dorking, PEI & Llewellyn Castle Lines. The closest match to St. Aldates is 0 (“Very Tightly Related”); to Castle Dillon & Llewellyn Castle, 2 (“Related”); to Dorking & PEI 3, (“Related”); & to Hawkley, Knowsley & Sullivan Co., 5 (“Possibly Related”). We have more than enough test results for the Elkridge Mxes already but the relationship of Elkridge to St. Aldates looks very solid & it would be very useful to get some more St. Aldates Mxes tested to be sure. Note, there is one Elkridge Mx who tested who shows no relationship to any other tested members in the R1b1a2 Hg—reasons unknown. Rating: 5

  • Founder Mxes
    This Line is Irish & may be the same as the Pendleton (& via Pendleton the Spartanburg) (Rating 1)

    SS. Founder Mxes: Wes Mulleneix's family—according to Wes this Line is Irish & may be the same as the Pendleton (& via Pendleton the Spartanburg) Mxes, & may also be kin to the Donnally Mxes (Y-DNA results would appear to support this contention). It dates back to at least early 19th century Virginia, & boasts at least 26 members, 7, including our N. American rep, Marie Mx Spearman, are current, 2 of these (US387 & US314) are Mx males. We have 2 Y-DNA test results (Wes Mx’s 90+ year old brother John—thanks John) & US413, both in Hg I2b1 (Kit #s 31450 & 249412, respectively). This Line appears to be part of the I2 alliance w/ GD results as follows: GD 1 (“Tightly Related”) to the Pendleton, Spartanburg, Delaware & Donnally Lines, GD of 2 (“Related”) w/ the Cheshire Line, a GD of 4 (“Probably Related”) to the Wolverhampton Line, and a GD of 5 (“Possibly Related”) to the Thornton Line. (Note that the GD between the two Founder Mxes tested is only a 4 (“Probably Related”).) Rating: 1

  • Garston Mxes
    this Line is strongly centered on the Garston area of Liverpool (Rating 5)

    Q. Garston Mxes: Harking back to at least the mid-to late 18th century, this Line is strongly centered on the Garston area of Liverpool, thus probably linking it to the one or more of the many Lancs-based Lines, including the Sefton Mxes. Of 3 known members (all closely related), only one (UK101) is current & he’s not an MX male. Though we’ve tried hard, we haven’t been able to isolate any extant Mx males for this Line & so must, reluctantly, write this one off for the purposes of DNA testing. Rating: 5

  • Harper Mxes
    One of the Liverpool Lines, the Harper Mxes can be traced back to the mid-18th century (Rating 4)

    V. Harper Mxes: One of the Liverpool Lines, the Harper Mxes can be traced back to the mid-18th century. Of 4 known members, only 1 is current & none are/were Mx males. Despite the Liverpool (hence Lancs) connection, lack of more definitive information & testable subjects make this Line a low priority at this time. Rating: 5

  • Haughton Mxes
    (Rating 3)

    HH. Haughton Mxes: This is of course one of the Ancestral Lines. It split off from the Sefton Mxes ca the1420’s with Sir Thomas Mx, son of Sir Richard Mx of Sefton & Joan Haydock. Although the antiquity of its undoubted connection to the Sefton Line makes the Haughton Line an ideal candidate for Y-DNA testing, we have had only 1 IMFA member (a deceased female) who is purported to be a member of this Line. Thus at this point in time we have no one to test. Rating: 3

  • Hawkley Mxes
    Ancestral Kirkby area Line running from Sefton through Little Crosby (Rating 2)

    U. Hawkley Mxes: Ancestral & yet another of the Kirkby area Lines&running from Sefton through Little Crosby—it split off ca the mid 13th century w/ Alan Mx (grandson of Sir Adam Mx of Sefton & Letitia de Brenley; g-grandson of Sir Richard Mx of Sefton, Little Crosby & Speke, & Edith de Botiller). We know of at least 9 members, 3 are current—1 an Mx Male (UK006) who has been tested as Hg R1b1a2 (Kit #32162). Based on this one test they may be part of the R1 alliance, w/ a GD of 4 (“Probably Related”) to the Dorking Line, & 5 (“Possibly Related”) to the Castle Dillon, Elkridge, St. Aldates & Llewellyn Castle Lines. As w/ the Scarisbrick Mxes, testing for this Line is highly desirable but not, apparently, easily achievable. Canvassing for Hawkley Mx males might prove fruitful. Rating: 2

  • Huguenot Mxes
    Actually probably more than one Line (Rating: 3)

    D. Huguenot Mxes: Actually probably more than one Line, the Huguenot Mxes await adoption by an interest community to sort out. Given their purported relationship to Irish (Kilkeel) &/or Canadian (Prince Edward-I) Mxes & independence from the Sefton family of Lines, it would be interesting to be able to get test results for this Line (or Lines). At present only one former member (UK079) belongs to this Line. Rating: 3

  • Hyslop Mxes
    Another Lancs (St. Helens area) clan (Rating 3)

    X. Hyslop Mxes: Another Lancs (St. Helens area) clan, note that frequent references to Prescot, Lancs, suggest the possibility of a connection to the Prescot Line. The history of this Line is relatively recent, going back only to the late 18th century. Of 7 known members, 3 are current, w/ 2 of them (UK153 & UK177), a father & son, being Mx males who have tested to Hg I1 (Kit #83365). In addition, a former member (US348) has reputedly also tested as I1 but we have no further data on this testing. An additional test for this Line would be nice, & it might be worthwhile to ask the remaining current member (UK191) if she has any Mx male kin who would be willing to test. Rating: 3

  • Kent Mxes
    This Line dates back to the early 18th Century & may be related to the Sussex & Cheshire Lines (Rating 2)

    JJ. Kent Mxes: This Line dates back to the early 18th Century & may be related to the Sussex & Cheshire Lines. All 3 known members are current, 1 (AU077) is an Mx male. I admit to only a moderate interest in having AU077 tested. Rating: 2

  • Kerry Mxes
    Immigrated to Pittsburgh, PA from Kerry, Ireland in the late 19th century (Rating 5)

    F. Kerry Mxes: Other than the fact that this family immigrated to Pittsburgh, PA from Kerry, Ireland in the late 19th century, we know little. Of the 4 known members, only 2 (US240 & US398) are current, neither are Mx males & nobody has been tested. Rating: 5

  • Kilkeel Mxes
    Another Northern Irish Line, may be a branch of the Huguenot Mxes (Rating: 4)

    I. Kilkeel Mxes: Yet another Northern Irish Line, this one may be a branch of the Huguenot Mxes. It boasts at least 13 IMFA members, 2 (AU007 & AU008) are current, & most live/lived in Oz & are closely related. Unfortunately, it has no known Mx males or test results. If we could find some test subjects this Line might provide some interesting information in re the Huguenot Line as well. Rating: 4

  • Kirkby Area Mxes
    Generic grouping, families in this Line are known to be from the general Kirkby area of Lancs (Rating 2)

    J. One of the Kirkby area Mxes: Another generic grouping, families in this Line are known to be from the general Kirkby area of Lancs, but we're unable to link them to specific Lines from that area. Y-DNA testing might allow us to equate at least some of them to known Lines. Of the 5 known members, only 1 is current (CA288). Testing him might provide a link to one of the other known Lancs Lines. Rating: 2

  • Knowsley Mxes
    One of the Kirkby area Lines & part of the R1 alliance (Rating 1)

    PP. Knowsley Mxes: One of the Kirkby area Lines & part of the R1 alliance, it has a GD of 3 w/ the PEI-R Line, & a GD of 5 (“possibly Related”) w/ the Elkridge & St. Aldates Lines. It also shares the use of the given name Elias/Ellis w/ the Prince Edward, Pilkington, Parbold & Scarisbrick Mxes—all also Kirkby area Lines. This Line, which includes Betty Brown, our IMFA rep for Great Britain, is understandably well documented, our knowledge of it reaching back to at least the early 17th century. Of 18 known members, 10 are current, w/ 2 being Mx males (UK118 & UK137). UK137 has tested out as R1b1a2 (Kit #46201). These 2 men are known to be kin (4th cousins, once removed), but I feel it would still be worth our while to ask UK118 to test. Rating: 1

  • Lanark Mxes
    Descended from early 19th century English immigrants to Lanark County, ON (Rating: 2)

    C. Lanark Mxes: Descended from early 19th century English immigrants to Lanark County, ON, we have very little background on this Line, going back to only the late 18th century. Of a total 15 known members, only 2 (CA364 & CA418) are currently members & both are female. Our need for test subjects makes our rating for this Line high. Rating: 2

  • Lathom Mxes
    Our knowledge of this Line goes back to the mid-18th century (Rating 5)

    II. Lathom Mxes: Our knowledge of this Line goes back to the mid-18th century. Of 5 known members, only 1 is current but he is not a male MX. Rating: 5

  • Llewellyn Castle Mxes
    Line was born with the establishment of a colony in late 19th century Kansas (Rating 5)

    CCC. Llewellyn Castle Mxes: Apparently part of the R1 alliance, this Line was born w/ the establishment of a colony in late 19th century Kansas. Of 4 known members, only 1 (US029a), is current & an Mx male testing out to Hg R1b1a2 (Kit # 198234). The Llewellyn Castle Mxes have a GD of 2 w/ the Castle Dillon, St. Aldates & Elkridge Lines, a GD of 3 w/ the Dorking & PEI-R Lines, & a GD of 5 (“Possibly Related”) w/ the Hawkley & Sullivan Co. Mxes. Though 2 additional test results would be useful in confirming Llewellyn Castle’s membership in the R1 alliance, unfortunately, we have no new testing candidates for this Line at present. Rating: 5

  • Loseley Mxes
    This Line may have split from the Sefton Mxes ca 1690 (Rating 5)

    AA. Loseley Mxes: This Line may have split from the Sefton Mxes ca 1690 with the marriage of Sir Thomas Mx to Lady Margaret More. Sir Thomas, appears to have been the grandson of Sir Richard Mx of Sefton & Joan Haydock, through their son William. Sir Thomas was b. at Westhoughton, suggesting a possible connection there. We have had only 1 member in this Line, UK016, the current Lord More-Molyneux of Loseley, who is no longer a member. Furthermore, his surname is inherited through his maternal Line (his father being Brig. Gen F.C. Longborne.), thus rendering Y-DNA testing useless for our purposes Rating: 5

  • Makerfield Mxes
    This Lancs Line dates back to the 18th century (Rating 5)

    EE. Makerfield Mxes: Though well documented, this Lancs Line dates back only to the 18th century. It boasts 3 known members, 2 current, but none are Mx males. Rating: 5

  • Market Drayton Mxes
    Line dates back to the late 18th century (Rating 4)

    W. Market Drayton Mxes: This Line, which dates back to only the late 18th century, could be pivotal in that, at least anecdotally, it seems to be related to many other Lines, to wit: the Thornton, Teversal, Haughton (via the Staffordshire Mxes), Hawkley, Dorking, Wolverhampton & Newsham Mxes. The relationships are muddy at best & could really use some Y-DNA evidence to begin to clear things up. Of at least 8 known members, 2 are current, but none are Mx males. This is another that will have to wait till we can find somebody to test. Rating: 4

  • Marlenee Mxes
    Line dates back to the early 19th century (Rating 5)

    BBB. Marlenee Mxes: We have but a single member, not an Mx male, in this Line, which dates back to the early 19th century. Testing is not an option at this time. Rating: 5

  • Mayflower Mxes
    Dating back to the arrival of the Mayflower at Plymouth Colony (Rating 5)

    AAA. Mayflower Mxes: Dating back to the arrival of the Mayflower at Plymouth Colony (the famous Priscilla Mullins & her family were also known as Molyneux), this Line, arising in Dorking, Surrey, is purportedly a subset of the Sefton Mxes. Of 5 known members only 1 is current & is not an Mx male. Testing would be useful but not doable at this time. Rating: 5

  • Moulin Mxes
    Line is said to hail from Thames Ditton, Surrey, & Hampshire as well as France (Rating 5)

    E. Moulin Mxes: This is another Line about which we know little, & it may represent two distinct Lines. The spelling of the given name suggests French vice English origins but the Line is said to hail from Thames Ditton, Surrey, & Hampshire as well as France. This Line boasts only 2 IMFA members, neither current. Rating: 5

  • Nuneham Mxes
    Dating back to ca 1800, w/ the birth of William Molyneux, at Nuneham Park, Nuneham Courtenay, Oxford (Rating 2)

    RR. Nuneham Mxes: Dating back to ca 1800, w/ the birth of William Molyneux, at Nuneham Park, Nuneham Courtenay, Oxford, this is the other part of the former Oxford Mxes & the Line of our Oz rep, Margaret Hemming. At this time Nuneham bears no known relationship to any other Line. Of the 7, possibly 8, known members, all are Australian & 4 are current; two (AU058 & AU068) being Mx males. Of these two, AU068 has tested (Kit # 217439) to Hg R1b1a2. It would be of great interest to see how AU058 tested out. Rating: 2

  • Parbold Mxes
    Kirkby area line dating back only to the early 18th century (Rating 5)

    DD. Parbold Mxes: Dating back only to the early 18th century, the given name Elias & the blacksmith trade equates it to several other Kirkby area families such as the Knowsley & Pilkington Mxes. Of 2 known members, neither is current. Rating: 5

  • Pendleton Mxes
    Line first identified in 18th century Ireland; based upon Wes Mxes' analysis may be a subset of the Castle Dillon Mxes (Rating 5)

    YY. Pendleton Mxes: This was a Line first identified in 18th century Ireland, & based upon Wes Mxes' analysis may be a subset of the Castle Dillon Mxes (though Y_DNA results refute this contention.). It is most certainly part of the I2 alliance. As such there are many DNA matches w/ the Donnally, Spartanburg, Delaware, Founder & Cheshire Mxes. Of 32 known members, 20 are current, w/ 4 of those being Mx males. 3 of those have been tested to Hg I2b1. The closest Y-DNA matches we've found are: a GD of 0 (“Very Tightly Related”) w/ the modal type for I2b1 as well as both Donnally & Spartanburg (the latter of which appears to be a scion of Pendleton), a GD of 1 (“Tightly Related”) w/ Delaware & Founder; & a GD of 3 (“Related”) w/ Cheshire, as well as a GD of 5 ("Possibly Related") w/ Wolverhampton & Thornton. No further testing is necessary at this time. Rating: 5

  • Pilkington Mxes
    Another of the many Kirkby area Lines (Rating 1)

    S. Pilkington Mxes: Another of the many Kirkby area Lines, the frequent occurrence of the given name Elias is a genealogical hallmark it shares w/ the Knowsley Mxes. Pilkington is another Line w/ a reputed connection to the Sefton & Haughton Lines. Collective knowledge of this Line goes back to mid 18th century, Kirkby, Lancs. Of 16 or more known members, 5 (possibly 6) are current, 2 of these (US067 & US359) are Mx males, w/ the possibility of a 3rd Mx male (UK042) in the wings. One of the 2 (US067) has been tested as Hg R1b1a2 (Kit # 168165). His results do not match or come close to any of our other R1b1a2’s. Given the Kirkby connection I strongly recommend testing for both US359 & UK042. Rating: 1

  • Pleasant Mxes
    Dating back to late 18th century Tennessee this may well be a subset of the Delaware Mxes (Rating 5)

    XX. Pleasant Mxes: Dating back to late 18th century Tennessee, based on location, this may well be a subset of the Delaware Mxes. Of 5 known members, none are current. Testing would be nice but is not likely in the foreseeable future. Rating: 5

  • Prescot Mxes
    One of the Kirkby area Lines, knowledge of its progeniture goes back to the late 17th century. (Rating 2)

    O. Prescot Mxes: another of the Kirkby area Lines, knowledge of its progeniture goes back to the late 17th century. Of 6 known members, 2 are current & 1 (SA003) is an Mx male who has been tested as Haplogroup I (Kit # 102563). Rating: 2

  • Prince Edward Island Mxes (I)
    Possibly descended from Huguenot ancestors, via Ireland (Rating 3)

    A. Prince Edward (Island) Mxes-I: Possibly descended from Huguenot ancestors, via Ireland, based on genealogical evidence alone we would expect this Line to fall into the major alliance of Mx Lines that includes the Cheshire, Delaware, Spartanburg, Donnally, Pendleton, Founder & Pleasant Mxes (the I2 alliance). We have only 2 IMFA members in this Line at this point, & only one, US311, is current. We also have no Y-DNA results for this Line. Because of its potential link to so many other Mx Lines, Y-DNA results are highly desirable. However, a lack of members to test reduces its potential value. Rating: 3

  • Prince Edward Island Mxes (R)
    Probably descended from the Castle Dillon Line (Rating: 4)

    B. Prince Edward (Island) Mxes-R: Probably descended from the Castle Dillon Line they have a GD of 3 (“Related”*) w/ Knowsley, Castle Dillon, Elkridge, Llewellyn Castle & St. Aldates; & a GD of 4 (“Probably Related”) w/ Dorking. This Line is significant in its apparent relationship to a large alliance of Mx Lines. Out of 9 total & 5 current members, 3 (US278, US225, & US415) are Mx males (the R1 alliance). All three have tested, though we’re still awaiting the results from US415. The other two, who have a GD of 1 (“Tightly Related”) have tested as Haplogroup (Hg) R1b1a2 (Kits #170469 & 234100). Additional testing would have to be predicated upon one of the remaining 2 current members having an Mx male relation who could be tested, or on testing willing non-members who belong to this Line. However, the results of US415 will fulfill our minimum requirements. Rating: 4

  • Rainford Mxes
    Possibility of a connection to the Prescot Line (Rating 4)

    Y. Rainford Mxes: Discussions of this Line also reference Prescot, suggesting the possibility of a connection to the Prescot Line. This is another recent Lancs Line with 2 (possibly 3), 2 (possibly 3) are current, but none are Mx males. As a Lancs-based Line, Y-DNA test results might be useful, but since we have nobody to test, the point is moot. Rating: 4

  • Scarisbrick Mxes
    One of the Kirkby area Lines (Rating 2)

    T. Scarisbrick Mxes: Yet again, we have one of the Kirkby area Lines. DNA results are divided between Hg R1b1a2—the genetic Mx line & Hg I1—whose ancestors inherited the Mx surname maternally w/ the birth of James Mx in 1880. The frequent occurrence of the given name Elias is a genealogical hallmark it shares w/ the Knowsley Mxes. Harking back to the mid-18th century, this Line is reputedly connected to the Hawkley Mxes, who split off from the Sefton Line in the 13th Century. Of 13 known members, 7 are current, 4 are Mx males. Of these, 2 (UK065—I1--Kit # 183240 & UK176—R1b1a2—Kit #182985) have been tested. The 3rd Mx male (UK184) is the son of UK176. The last of these, US416, is a new member & is in the process of being tested. No relationship between this & other Lines in the E1b1a2 Hg have been found to date. Testing of this Line is desirable but we would have to find new Mx males to test—canvassing for Scarisbrick Mx males might prove worthwhile. Rating: 2

  • Sefton Mxes
    This ancestral line started with Robert, William & Vivien de Molines who arrived in England with Wm. The Conqueror (Rating 2)

    K. Sefton Mxes: This line started with Robert, William & Vivien de Molines who arrived in England with Wm. The Conqueror. This is of course, an Ancestral Line of primary interest. Many persons claim descent from this Line but few have been proven. Of 14 purported members, only 3 are current (FR001, US038a & AU034), none are Mx males & we have no test results. It would be wonderful to hold test results for known Sefton Mx descendants, but I wouldn’t hold my breath. Rating: 2

  • Spartanburg Mxes
    Line was in Spartanburg Co., SC, by 1800, almost certainly a branch of the Pendleton Mxes (Rating 5)

    DDD. Spartanburg Mxes: Almost certainly a branch of the Pendleton Mxes (Y-DNA analysis supports this contention), this Line was in Spartanburg Co., SC, by 1800; after the Donnally Line had already established itself in SC. An article about Rev. J.L. Mullinax states that his family came from Ireland, settled in Rockingham Co., VA, moved to SC & settled in the Old Pendleton District of S.C. There are many DNA matches w/ the other Lines in the I2 alliance. Of 31 known members, 18 are current, 4 have tested to Hg I2b1 & 1 non-member to I2b1c. The closest matches we've found are: a GD of 0 (“Very Tightly Related” w/ the modal type and w/ Pendleton, Donnally, & Delaware, a GD of 1 (“Tightly Related”) w/ Founder, a GD of 2 (“Related”) w/ Thornton, a GD of 3 (“Related”) w/ Cheshire & Thornton, & a GD of 4 (“Probably Related”) w/ Wolverhampton. Further testing of Spartanburg Mxes would appear to be unnecessary for our purposes. Rating: 5

  • St. Aldates Mxes
    Formerly part of the Oxford Mxes (Rating 1)

    L. St. Aldates Mxes: Formerly part of the Oxford Mxes (which has recently been split into 2 separate Lines, this one & the Nuneham Mxes.) Also part of the R1 alliance, being related by DNA. St. Aldates has a GD of 0 (“Very Tightly Related”) w/ the Modal type, thus indicating no mutation away from the baseline, & w/ the Elkridge Mxes. It also has a GD of 2 (“Related”) w/ the Castle Dillon & Llewellyn Castle Mxes; a GD of 3 (“Related”) w/ the Dorking & PEI-R Mxes; & a GD of 5 (“Possibly Related”) w/ the Knowsley, Hawkley & Sullivan Co. Mxes. Of the 5 known members, 2 are current; one (UK014) being a male who has tested (Kit #46203). This is another pivotal Line, w/ a very strong DNA connection to a major North American Line. Rating: 1

  • Sullivan Co. Mxes
    Line dates back to a Lancs immigrant to Pennsylvania ca the mid 18th century (Rating 1)

    WW. Sullivan Co. Mxes: If NZR Mx's book is to believed, this line springs from the Thorpe Line, which is related to the Haughton/Teversal Mxes & thus to the Sefton Mxes. It dates back to a Lancs immigrant to Pennsylvania ca the mid 18th century. Of 25 known members, 13 are current & 3 (US070, US231 & US315) are Mx males, 1 (US070) has tested out to Hg R1b1a2 (Kit #182576). I recommend that both US231 & US315 be tested. Note: Both this Line & the Branford Line have married into some of the same families in Pennsylvania, most notably the Bird family, so relationships here could be muddy. Also note that this Line may be part of the R1 alliance. as it has a GD of 5 (“Possibly Related”) to Castle Dillon, Elkridge, St. Aldates, Dorking, & Llewellyn Castle. Rating: 1

  • Sussex Mxes
    Thought to be descended from the Haughton Mxes (Rating 2)

    Z. Sussex Mxes: Thought to be descended from the Haughton Mxes, this Line may actually represent several families in Sussex. History on this Line appears to go back to the mid to late 18th century. This Line has 2 or more known members, 1 (AU056) is current & an Mx male. I would recommend testing for AU056. Rating: 2

  • Teversal Mxes
    Ancestral Line based in Notts, it branched off the Haughton Line (Rating 5)

    R. Teversal Mxes: An Ancestral Line based in Notts, it branched off the Haughton Line, beginning ca 1488 when Sir Francis Mx married Elizabeth Greenhalgh. This Line has one known member, not current. It is also apparently related to the Market Drayton Mxes. Given its historically verified connection to the Sefton Mxes, (Francis was reportedly the 2x g-grandson of Sir Richard Mx of Sefton & Joan Haydock) it would be great to have test results for this Line but I don’t foresee that happening any time soon. Rating: 5

  • Thornton Mxes
    Thornton Manor, like Cuerdon & Sefton, was one of the original estates awarded to the Mxes by Roger of Poitou, ca 1100 (Rating 3)

    GG. Thornton Mxes: Thornton Manor, like Cuerdon & Sefton, was one of the original estates awarded to the Mxes by Roger of Poitou, ca 1100. The Thornton/Melling Line split off from the Sefton Mxes ca 1200 w/ Robert Mx, son of Sir Richard Mx of Sefton & Edith de Botiller. It is apparently also related anecdotally to the Newsham, & Market Drayton Lines & may be related to the Hawkley Line. Of 6 known members, 3 are current, & 2 (CA007 & CA009) are Mx males (& brothers) testing out as Hg I2b1 (Kit # 129939) & revealing a GD of 2 (“Related”) w/ the Spartanburg Line, a GD of 4 (“Possibly Related”) w/ the Donnally Line, & a GD of 5 (“Possibly Related”) w/ the Pendleton & Delaware & Founder Lines, thus making Thornton a member of the I2 alliance. It would be advantageous to find another Thornton Mx male to test. Rating: 3

  • Wallasey Mxes
    Another of the Liverpool Lines, it dates back to the late 18th century (Rating 5)

    KK. Wallasey Mxes: Another of the Liverpool Lines, it dates back to the late 18th century. It boasts only 2 known members, both current but neither an Mx male. Rating: 5

  • Warrington Mxes
    This Lancs Line may be another cadet branch of the Sefton Mxes (Rating 5)

    BB. Warrington Mxes: Going back to the early 18th century, this Lancs Line may be another cadet branch of the Sefton Mxes. Of 4 known members, none is current. Rating: 5

  • Warwickshire Mxes
    (Rating 2)

    OO. Warwickshire Mxes: Dating back to at least the early 19th century, this Line has only 4 members, 2 are current, & one, AU009, is an Mx male. Testing of AU009 might prove useful in determining this Line’s position within the Mx hierarchy. Rating: 2

  • Westhoughton Mxes
    Dating back to at least the early 18th century (Rating 1)

    QQ. Westhoughton Mxes: Dating back to at least the early 18th century, this family too is well documented. It features 5 members, 4 are current, none Mx males. Rating: 1

  • Wolverhampton Mxes
    Descended from Haughton via the Staffordshire Mxes (Rating 3)

    NN. Wolverhampton Mxes: Descended from Haughton via the Staffordshire Mxes, this Line dates back to at least the late 17th century. It may also be related to the Hawkley & Market Drayton Mxes. Of 5 known members, 2 are current, 1 (US329, Jim Molineux, our president) being an Mx male who has tested as Hg I2b1c (Kit # 170587). Jim’s results give him a GD of 4 (“Probably Related”) w/ the Founder & Spartanburg Lines, and GD of 5 (“Possibly Related”) w/ the Pendleton, Delaware & Donnally Mxes., thus making his Line a candidate for the I2 alliance. Additional testing of this Line is desirable but it will require research & canvassing on our part to identify suitable candidates. Rating: 3

  • Worsley Mxes
    Kirkby area Line may be kin to the Caldwell Mxes (Rating 5)

    CC. Worsley Mxes: Dating back to the 18th century, this Kirkby area Line may be kin to the Caldwell Mxes. Of 7 known members, 1 is current but is not an Mx male. Rating: 5

IMFA Y-DNA Testing Candidates
by by US332 Wayne J. Straight—updated as of Feb 2013

As you know by now, as we the core cadre have continued to try to depict the state of our Mx knowledge in a variety of formats, we’ve also pushed hard to get each of you to adopt a Line (as illustrated in both our newsletter and on our Website), build a community of interest, do the research and collaboration, and let us know what additional data you have or where you think what we’ve said about a particular Line is wrong. Please take the time to look at what we’ve said about your Line today and get involved in improving the state of our knowledge about it. If you find a mistake, and I’m sure there are plenty of them, let us know. Prove us wrong, but be prepared to defend your assertions. We’re especially keen to see primary or secondary evidence that extends, corroborates or contradicts what we’ve published. The following article is yet another take on the corporate Mx data, as we know it. (The November issue will have an article describing a graphic display, hosted on our Website, of this same data.)

Some time ago, I promised our core cadre, that I would use the insights I gained from producing the database and the Ancestral Tree, to provide my best assessment for a Y-DNA testing strategy with which to determine how and where best to spend our testing funds. Although ideally, all known Mx male IMFA members should be tested, in reality IMFA funds to help underwrite such testing are finite and thus require a reasoned expenditure. The following represents the second installment of an MxWorld series representing my assessment, leavened by input from several knowledgeable IMFA members. For those of you who wish to see the assessment in its entirety and who have internet access, it can be found on our Y-DNA page (Mx Y-DNA Project)

Note that I’ve rated each Line for suitability on a scale of 1-5, 1 being the highest (i.e., potentially most valuable) rating and 5 the lowest. Criteria included:

  1. how many members of the given Line have already been tested (ideal minimum is 3),
  2. how many are available for testing;
  3. how a given Line may relate to and/or provide insight into other Lines—this includes evaluation of Genetic Distance (GD) of 0 through 3; and
  4. whether a given Line is Ancestral or bears a known, purported or suspected relationship to an Ancestral Line.

Note that this appraisal primarily represents my own take. Also, my numbers may not be totally accurate, but they will be close. Finally, further refinement might be gained by looking for male Mx relations among our female members as well as by looking to expand the tests of members who previously tested for less than 36 markers—perhaps this is something we’ll want to tackle in future.

Mx Lines Database & Legend

We created a sanitized (for privacy reasons) IMFA membership database——that we've arranged by genealogical “Lines” (i.e., lineages tied together by shared ancestors/ relatives—known, reputed or suspected.) IMFA members can search this database.

Allocation of a given individual to a particular Line is based on data received from that individual and/or written about said individual in MxWorld. In some cases—especially those with an appended question mark—allocation to a Line is little more than inspired guess work based on one or more identifying factors such as specific locations, given name patterns or key surnames married into the Mxes. In other cases an individual is associated with more than one Line—although each member is listed only once—so it would behoove you to peruse the entire database to make sure a relation isn’t lurking under another Line heading. Once again, reasons for allocating more than one Line to an individual vary, running the gamut from conflation in reported data, to key individuals who may bridge two or more Lines. The responsibility for deconflicting these conundrums ultimately lies with those members who choose to adopt a given Line and/or that individual him/herself.

Are there mistakes in this database? Almost certainly! We apologize in advance—we don't have a large enough cadre of volunteers to give each member and Line the detailed attention they deserve. But its a place to start. If you'd like to adopt or begin a collaboration on one of these Lines, please contact Marie or Wayne—they'll be happy to help you make it happen.

As an aid to using and understanding this data base, we've also included a “legend”, which characterizes each Line by a number of associated characteristics, to wit:

  1. The source of the Line name, i.e, why we named it the way we did;
  2. Other Lines known, purported or suspected to be associated with this Line;
  3. Primary locations associated with this Line;
  4. Known religious affiliations associated with this Line;
  5. Unusual given names and/or given names often seen associated with this Line.
  6. Whether the Line is historic, i.e., its been written up in history books—the Sefton Mx Line or the Castle Dillon Mx Line being prime examples;
  7. Whether there is an IMFA member—past or present—associated with this Line;
  8. Whether any members associated with this Line have undergone Y-DNA testing and how many;
  9. Whether this Line has been adopted by an individual or collaborative group; i.e., a guru or expert, or group thereof, for this particular Line, and the IMFA number of same as a point of-contact; and
  10. Comments relating to anything else that characterizes this Line.